Military and Strategic Journal
Issued by the Directorate of Morale Guidance at the General Command of the Armed Forces
United Arab Emirates
Founded in August 1971

2020-11-15

Pandur II: Combat-proven Vehicles

Strong combat abilities and technological superiority have placed the PANDUR Family of Vehicles at a huge advantage. Available in 6x6 and 8x8 amphibious or terrestrial configurations, it serves as a common platform for various armament and equipment systems. Combining high mobility, survivability and protection thanks to its internal drive train concept, the PANDUR ensures logistics commonality, versatility of armament and equipment, simple operation, excellent sustainability, high availability, in-house electronic architecture and easy maintenance.
 
Currently, GDELS maintains over 3,000 PANDUR platforms worldwide. More than 1,000 of these are operated by NATO member countries. PANDUR vehicle was initially developed upon Czech Army request, but the platform has been well used by armies worldwide. The amphibious wheeled armoured personnel carrier with armour and waterproof body is capable of effective water gap, water reservoir or coastal water crossing. 
 
Upgraded Version
Pandur II is an improved version, created by Steyr-Daimler-Puch. The Austrian company Steyr-Daimler-Puch Spezialfahrzeu was sold to the American corporation General Dynamics in 2003 and became part of its European division under the name of General Dynamics European Land Systems - Steyr (GDELS-Steyr). 
When creating General Dynamics European Land Systems (GDELS) it also included another European company that produces wheeled armoured personnel carriers - the Swiss MOWAG. In fact, the two companies were competitors, although they were part of the same corporation. 
 
After the former director of Steyr-Daimler-Puch became GDELS director, the company initially focused on marketing the PANDUR family. The upgradation resulted in the emergence of Pandur II, offered in 6x6 and 8x8 configurations with these two vehicles sharing over 90 per cent common components.
 
Sale of Rights
In 2005, Pandur II won the Portuguese tender for the purchase of armoured vehicles 8x8, and in 2006 -a similar Czech tender.
Initially, Portugal was ordered 264 vehicles, and the Czech Republic 234. However, the fulfilment of both contracts was marred by a number of scandals, related both to anti-corruption proceedings and technical problems. As a result, Portugal received only 188 Pandur II, and the Czech Republic - 107, of which 90 were assembled from car kits at the Czech VOP-025 armoured repair plant. 
 
By 2015, General Dynamics stopped efforts to promote Pandur II and sold the entire rights for this vehicle to the Czech company Excalibur Army, which currently is part of the Czechoslovak group.
 
Assembly of Pandur II was organised at a specially created Tatra Defence Vehicle plant in Kopřivnice, also part of the Czechoslovak group.  
Also in 2015, the Excalibur Army signed a contract with Indonesia for an undisclosed number of Pandur II vehicles at a cost of US$39 million. 
A contract was also signed with the Indonesian company PT Pindad to refine the vehicles by installing various weapons systems, as well as localising production, starting from 2018, if Indonesia decided to continue procurement.
 
The first four vehicles arrived in Indonesia in September 2017. In 2016, 34 Pandur II armoured vehicles were ordered by the Austrian army.
In January 2017, purchase of another 20 Pandur II vehicles from Tatra Defence Vehicle (member of the Czechoslovak Group, CSG) for CZK 2.1 billion crowns (US$ 82.77 million) was announced. 
 
Safety Aspect
The new version came with added benefits. The Pandur II has a longer wheel base and modified hull compared to the Pandur I. 
 
The overall layout of the Pandur II family is similar to that of the original Pandur with the driver seated at the front left with the power pack to his immediate right.
All the major automotive components (powerpack, drive train, fuel tank, hydraulics) are installed inside the protected armour steel hull, ensuring protection and offering considerable payload flexibility for armament and mission equipment systems.
 
The hull of the Pandur II is of all-welded steel armour construction that provides the occupants with full protection against 7.62 mm armour piercing (AP) attack through a full 360º. 
 
The hull is provided with special protection against mines and the troop seats hang from the hull sides rather than being attached to the floor. Add-on armour protects against 14.5mm armour piercing shells at 100m. Spall liners and additional armour protection against landmines can also be fitted as an option.  
 
The vehicle has an intermediate floor and the seats along the sides of the cabin are suspended from wall and ceiling mounts rather than floor mounted. The 6×6 Pandur II carries up to 12 crew and the 8×8 carries up to 14.
 
ADM Advantages
The power pack is installed at the front right of the vehicle and the driver’s station. The common power pack on the 6×6 and 8×8 variants of Pandur II can be removed and replaced while on the field in 30 minutes. 
 
The Pandur II is equipped with a Cummins Diesel ISLe T450 HPCR rated at 298 kW for the 6x6 version and 335.6 kW for the 8x8 version. The engine is fitted with an electronic engine management system. A heater provides engine preheating for cold starting and for heating the crew compartment.
 
The engine is coupled to a ZF 6HP 602C fully automatic 6-gear transmission. Together with the 2 stage transfer gear (usable  on the move) this gives the Pandur II a total of 12 gears. The hull floor of the Pandur covers and protects most of the power train components and steering linkages. This protects the components from being damaged from various obstacles that may occur when the vehicle operates in heavy terrain. 
 
An automatic drive train management system (ADM) provides sensor controlled automatic engagement of all wheel drive and differential locking to suit the terrain surface and driving conditions.
 
The ADM gives a high standard of off-road mobility as well as reduced training requirements in all terrain driving. The driver can engage a mechanical override on the ADM. 
 
In the armoured personnel carrier version, all wheels are fitted with independent suspension. The driveline and steering links are armour protected within the hull. Steering is by power-assisted recirculating ball on the two front axles. Central tyre inflation and run flat capability is installed. The wheels are fitted with dual circuit hydraulically operated disc brakes and anti-skid braking. A self-recovery winch is also fitted as a standard.
 
The vehicle is able to manoeuvre in confined spaces. The turning radius of the 6×6 and 8×8 vehicles is 9m and 10m respectively. For decreasing the turning diameter of the 8x8 version a steering brake has been installed which retards all curve-inner wheels when the steered wheels are fully turned in and vehicle velocity is sufficiently low.
 
Amphibious Pandur II
The Pandur II has demonstrated a maximum road speed of 105km per hour and excellent mobility in environmental conditions from -35°C to +50°C. It can ford to a depth of 1.5m. A fully amphibious Pandur II is fitted with two mechanically driven water jets and a hydraulically operated trim vane mounted at the front of the chassis. 
The vehicle achieves a speed of 10km/h in water. The Pandur II can be transported in roll on/roll off mode by Lockheed Martin Hercules C-130 aircraft, C-160, An-12, An-70, A400M and rail transport according to STANAG 2832 standards. Pandur II can be road transported by heavy military trailer and semi-trailer.  It can be sea transported too. 
 
Vehicle Variants
The baseline version of the Pandur II is an infantry 6×6 armoured personnel carrier configured to carry a driver, gunner, and commander with six fully equipped troops. All variants use the same chassis configured in one of two basic models, “A” Model with an extended centre roof or “B” Model with a flat roof design. The various configurations include: Amphibious Infantry Carrier, Infantry Fighting Vehicle, Mortar or ATGM Carrier, Communication Vehicle, Reconnaissance Vehicle (Radar Optional), Engineering Vehicle, Armoured Ambulance and Command Post. 
 
Weapon Systems
The PANDUR family of vehicles is combat proven.
As an 8x8 it can offer direct fire up to 105mm, Mortar up to 120mm, Infantry Fighting Vehicle up to 30mm two man turrets, Armoured Personnel Carrier up to 13 people, Recovery, Reconnaissance, Ambulance, Communication, Command post. 
 
As a 6x6, it offers direct fire up to 90mm, Mortar up to 81mm, Infantry Fighting Vehicle up to 30mm two man turrets, Armoured Personnel Carrier up to 11 people, Recovery, Reconnaissance, Ambulance, Communication, and Command Post.
 
The main armament of the Pandur II include a 30mm Mk 44 cannon, a 7.62mm coaxial machine gun, and two Spike-LR multi-purpose ATGMs, as well as various thermal sensors, other optics, and defensive systems.
 
Reference Text/Photo: www.gdels.com
 

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